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October 31, 2014
 
 
Canadian Excellence

Laurier's Grading System and How to Calculate your Grade Point Average (GPA)


December 2011

Laurier's Grading System and How to Calculate your Grade Point Average (GPA)
 
1. Grading System

A student's progress within a program will be evaluated on the basis of the grade point average (GPA). For purposes of calculation, the grade point (GP) earned in a 0.5 credit will be given half the weight of that earned in a 1.0 credit. Likewise the GP earned in a 0.25 credit will be given a quarter of the weight of that earned in a 1.0 credit. Refer to the Grade Conversion Chart given below.

For example, a student with an A (11.0) in a 1.0 credit, a C- (2.0) in a 0.5 credit and a B+ (2.25) in a 0.25 credit will receive a GPA of 8.71. (15.25 grade points divided by 1.75 credits).

 
2. Upgrading your GPA

The following example uses a 7.00 GPA which is a commonly required GPA for many programs. You may use this example for other GPAs required for any program by inserting the GPA needed in your particular program. The Undergraduate Academic Calendar contains the GPA requirements for programs at Laurier.

If you are attempting to calculate the grades needed to upgrade your honours major GPA to a 7.00 you would:

    * Look at your LORIS account and find your Major GPA for the last completed term.  Your Major GPA appears only if you have selected a specific Major.  LORIS refers to your chosen Major as “Maj1” or “Maj2”.  Let’s say that your Major GPA is {6.12}

    * Multiply your Major GPA by the number of full or half-credits included in this GPA.  The number of credits included in this GPA is indicated right beside the GPA on LORIS: e.g.) 6.12 / 5.00.  In this case, 5.00 is the number of credits included in the GPA.
    * Multiply the number of credits that went into this GPA by the GPA itself: 5 (credits) x {6.12 Major GPA} = {30.6} grade points


If you are currently taking 2.0 more credits for your honours program and want to know what grades you need to get in these 2.0 credits  in order to raise your Major GPA to a 7.00, perform the following calculations:

•    Multiply the desired Major GPA (7.00)  by 7.0 credits (the first 5 credits + the 2 you are taking): 7 x 7 = 49 grade points.
•    49 (the total grade points for a 7.00 Major GPA on 7 credits) minus - 30.6 (GPA you have now) = 18.4
•    You would need a total of 18.4 grade points on your next 2.0 credits.  Note that “2 credits” can mean either 2 (full-credit) courses or 4 (half-credit) courses.

If these 2.0 credits that you are taking are both full-credit (1.0) courses, these are the combinations that would work :
•    B+ (9 GPA) and an A- (10 GPA) = 19
•    or a B (8 GPA) and an A (11 GPA) = 19
•    or a B- (7 GPA) and an A+ (12 GPA) = 19
•    or any similar combination that equals 18.4 or greater.

If these 2.0 credits that you are taking are four half-credit (0.5) courses, these are the combinations that would work :
•    B- (3.5 GPA) and  B+ (4.5 GPA) and A- (5 GPA) and A (5.5 GPA) = 18.5
•    or any similar combination that equals 18.4 or greater.

When calculating grade point values for half-credit or quarter-credit courses use the Grade Conversion chart given below.  The Grade Conversion chart (letter grade plus corresponding Grade Point values) is an expanded version of the chart given in the Undergraduate Academic Calendar under “Grading System”.



Generically-speaking:

Current Major GPA × full and/or half credits taken (e.g., 5.0 or 5.5) = total grade points

The grade point you require multiplied by the number of credits in total that have been completed or are being taken.

This number minus the grade points you have thus far.

This number divided by the number of full- or half-credits in progress = grade point needed per credit.

If you need to convert our 12 point system to a 4 point scale: we strongly suggest that you use the conversion chart updated by the Ontario Medical School Application Service (OMSAS) at this site: http://www.ouac.on.ca/docs/omsas/c_omsas_b.pdf

Questions/concerns: mwatson@wlu.ca

 
3. Grade Conversion Chart

Letter grades and their grade point equivalents are as follows:

Letter Grade
Grade Point
GP (1.0-credit)
Grade Point
GP (0.5-credit)
Grade Point
GP (0.25-credit)
A+
12
6
3
A
11
5.5
2.75
A-
10
5
2.5
B+
9
4.5
2.25
B
8
4
2
B-
7
3.5
1.75
C+
6
3
1.5
C
5
2.5
1.25
C-
4
2
1
D+
3
1.5
.75
D
2
1
.5
D-
1
0.5
.25
F
0
0
0
XF
0
0
0
DR
0
0
0
 
4. Repeated Grades

Note the following regulations regarding courses that have been repeated:

  1. No course may be attempted more than twice. When a course is repeated the grade received in the last attempt will be used to calculate the GPA.
  2. The first attempt remains permanently on your record, but is not included in the GPA calculation for progression purposes.
  3. Students in degree programs may repeat courses up to a maximum of 2.0 credits.